Pfizer Submits Data Showing Vaccines Are Safe for Children Ages 5-11

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Christopher Capozziello for The New York Times

Pfizer and BioNTech announced on Tuesday which they had submitted data towards the Food and Drug Administration displaying that their coronavirus shot is safe and effective within children ages 5 in order to 11.

The companies said that they will submit a formal demand to regulators to allow the pediatric dose of their shot to be administered in the United States within the coming weeks. Similar demands will be filed with Western regulators and in other nations.

Pfizer and BioNTech introduced favorable results from their medical trial with more than 2, two hundred participants in that age group approximately a week ago. The F. Deb. A. has said that it will certainly analyze the data as soon as possible.

The businesses said last week that their own vaccine had been shown to be effective and safe in low doses within children ages 5 in order to 11, offering hope to moms and dads in the United States who are worried that the return to in-person schooling offers put youngsters at risk of illness.

Regarding 28 million children ages 5 in order to 11 would be eligible for the particular vaccine in the United States, far more compared to 17 million of age groups 12 to 15 whom became eligible for the particular vaccine in May .

However it is not clear how many within the younger cohort will be vaccinated. Inoculations among older children possess lagged: Only about 42 % of children ages 12 in order to 15 have been fully vaccinated in the United States, compared with 66 % of adults, according to government data .

Although many stay eager to inoculate their children, viewpoint polls suggest that some mother and father have reservations.

James Estrin/The Ny Times

A large number of health care workers within New York got inoculated towards Covid-19 ahead of Monday’s deadline day , helping the state prevent a worst-case scenario associated with staffing shortages at private hospitals and nursing homes.

Health authorities across the state reported that will employees had rushed to obtain vaccinated before Monday, staying away from being suspended or obtaining fired. New York has six hundred, 000 health care workers.

Statewide, the vaccination rate to get hospital employees rose simply by Monday night to ninety two percent of workers getting received at least one dose, based on preliminary data from the governor’s office. The rate designed for nursing homes furthermore jumped to 92 % on Monday, from 84 percent five days previously.

Many nursing homes were dealing with serious staffing shortages prior to the mandate, making any brand new staff reductions potentially harmful.

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Gov. Kathy C. Hochul said New York would work along with hospitals to address potential staffing requirementws shortages as a mandate needing health care workers to have obtained at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine goes into effect. Dave Sanders for The New York Times

Within the New York City public hospital program, more than 8, 000 employees were unvaccinated a week ago. Yet by Monday morning the number of had dropped to five, 000 — just over 10 % of the work force. Although these unvaccinated employees were not allowed to work, city officials stated that they felt they could control the gaps.

In Rochester, officials at Strong Funeral Hospital placed a two-week pause on scheduling optional procedures and warned individuals to expect longer wait occasions for routine appointments since the deadline loomed last week. Yet on Monday they said which they had been able to bring up their own staff vaccination rate in order to 95. 5 percent, from ninety two percent last week, meaning that less than 300 employees out of sixteen, 000 will be fired when they don’t relent.

“Some continue to be very scared, ” mentioned Kathleen Parrinello, the hospital’s chief operating officer. “So they need hand-holding and peace of mind. ” Other employees, the girl said, had told her they were not convinced that they ought to get vaccinated but also failed to want to lose their job opportunities.

Opposition to the mandate continues to be strong, despite the 11th-hour vaccines. At least eight lawsuits difficult it have been filed, a few based on First Amendment environment and others arguing that the condition should recognize immunity through prior infection as comparative protection. In one federal situation, health care workers are challenging that the state allow spiritual exemptions.

Paul Kai Chen for The Nyc Times

The particular Delta variant was the major reason that people decided to get vaccinated against Covid-19 this summer plus why most say they are going to get boosters when entitled, according to the latest monthly study on vaccine attitudes by Kaiser Family Foundation, released on Wednesday morning. But the survey indicated that nearly three-quarters of unvaccinated Americans view boosters very differently, saying that the need for them demonstrates the vaccines are not working.

That divide suggests that whilst it may be relatively easy to persuade vaccinated people to line up for an additional shot, the need for boosters may complicate public health officials’ efforts to persuade the remaining unvaccinated individuals to get their initial one.

Still another takeaway from the Kaiser Family Foundation survey: For all your carrots dangled to induce hesitant people to get Covid shots — cash, doughnuts, racetrack privileges — more credit for the recent rise in vaccination visits the stick. Almost 40 percent of newly inoculated people said that they had sought the vaccines due to the increase in Covid cases, with increased than a third saying they had become alarmed by overcrowding in local hospitals and rising death rates.

“When a theoretical threat becomes a clear and present danger, people are more likely to act to protect themselves and themselves, ” said Drew Altman, the Kaiser Family Foundation’s chief executive.

The nationally representative survey of 1, 519 people was conducted from Sept. 13-22 — during a time of surging Covid deaths, but before the government authorized boosters for millions of high-risk people who had received the Pfizer-BioNTech shot, including those 65 and over and adults of any age whose job puts them at high risk of illness.

Sweeteners did have some role in getting shots in arms. One-third of respondents said that they had gotten vaccinated to travel or attend events where the shots were required.

Two reasons frequently cited as important for motivating those hesitant to get a vaccine — employer mandates (about 20 percent) and full federal approval for the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine (15 percent) — carried less sway.

Seventy-two percent of adults in the survey said that they were at least partly vaccinated, up from 67 percent in late July. The latest numbers from the Centers for Disease Get a handle on and Prevention are even higher, reporting 77 % of the adult populace in the United States with at least one shot. The sharpest change in this month was in vaccination rates for Latinos: a jump of 12 percentage points since late July, to 73 %, in the number of Latino adults who had received one or more shot.

With the vaccination racial gap narrowing, the political divide has, undoubtedly, become the widest, with 90 percent of Democrats saying that they have gotten at least one dose, compared with 58 percent of Republicans.

Perhaps reflecting pandemic fatigue, about eight in 10 adults said they believed Covid was now a permanent fixture of the health landscape. Just 14 percent said that they thought “it will be largely eradicated in the U. S., like polio. ”

Jiji Press, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Japan is ending its state-of-emergency measures on Thursday amid a fall in the number of new daily coronavirus cases and a vaccine rollout that has reached not exactly 60 percent of the people, hoping that the move helps to revive the country’s economy.

It will be the first time since April 4 that no part of Japan is under a state of emergency.

The move was announced by Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga on Tuesday, a day before a Liberal Democratic Party vote that will select a leader to succeed him. Mr. Suga said that he would not be extending the emergency measures currently active in 19 prefectures and that they would as an alternative expire at the end of the month, as scheduled.

“Moving forward, we will continue to put the highest priority on the lives and livelihoods of the people, ” Mr. Suga said in Parliament on Tuesday afternoon.

He said that the government would “work to continue to achieve both illness control and the recovery of daily life. ”

New daily coronavirus cases in Japan have decreased 73 percent over the past two weeks, to an average of 2, 378 a day , according to the The world in Data project at the University of Oxford. And there has been a sharp improvement in Japan’s vaccine rollout, with close to 60 percent of the population fully inoculated, a rate that exceeds that of the United States and of many other countries round the Pacific Rim.

Under the state of emergency, people were urged to refrain from nonessential outings, and restaurants were asked to close by 8 p. m. and to not serve alcohol. The government plans to easing those restrictions in stages.

Yasutoshi Nishimura, a government minister who is leading Japan’s Covid-19 response, said that serving alcohol will be allowed but that “governors will decide on that accordingly, according to the region’s infection situation. ”

Houston Cofield for The New York Times

For more than a year, misinformation touting that ivermectin is effective at treating or preventing the coronavirus has run rampant across social media, podcasts and talk radio. Even while the Food and Drug Administration has said that the drug is not approved to cure Covid and has warned people against taking it , media personalities who’ve cast doubt on coronavirus vaccines, like the podcaster Joe Rogan , have promoted ivermectin for that purpose.

The inaccuracies have led some people to overdose on certain formulations of the drug, which has then stretched doctors and hospitals. And the false claims have even caused dilemmas for veterinarians, who regularly use the medicine for your pet treatments that it was approved for.

While certain versions of ivermectin can treat head lice and other ailments in people, other formulations — which come in forms such as liquid and paste — are common across the equine and livestock industries as ways to get rid of worms and parasites.

People are increasingly attempting to obtain those animal services and products to ward off or treat the coronavirus, according to farmers, ranchers and suppliers.

Overrun by orders, one farm supply store in Vegas started selling the medicine only to customers who could prove that they had a horse. In California, a rancher was told that the backlog of orders was so large that she was 600th in line for the next batch.

The dearth has light emitting diode some farm owners, ranchers and veterinarians to switch to generic or more expensive choices for their animals. Others have turned to expired ivermectin or stockpiled the drug.

Omar Haj Kadour/Agence France-Presse via Getty Images

Syria is experiencing a major surge of coronavirus infections as depleted hospitals across the country find themselves ill equipped to deal with the worst influx of cases since the pandemic began, Syrian health officials and aid groups say.

Exacerbating the crisis may be the toll of ten years of war that has ravaged the economy , heavily damaged the health infrastructure and left the territory divided between competing administrations.

The government of President Bashar al-Assad, which controls only about two-thirds of the country, said that new infections had reached daily levels this week in excess of 440, the highest so far in the pandemic.

Hospitals in the capital, Damascus, and in the coastal city of Latakia have reached capacity and therefore are sending patients elsewhere, health officials said.

Syria, a country of about 20 million people, has reported a lot more than 32, 000 cases and 2, 100 deaths in government-controlled areas since the start of pandemic, but outside experts say that those numbers fail to reflect the true toll, largely because of the lack of widespread testing.

Areas outside the government’s control have struggled, too.

Around Idlib Province in the northwest — the final pocket held by armed rebels and home to millions of people displaced from elsewhere in the country — new daily Covid cases rose by way of a factor of 10 from the beginning of August to early September, reaching more than 1, 500 per day, according to the International Rescue Committee , a humanitarian group. The increase left clinics running low on test kits and oxygen, the group said.

Misinformation about vaccines has been rife in Idlib, with voice notes circulated on social media telling people that vaccines cause dangerous blood clots.

The area’s health facilities were on the verge of collapse even before the pandemic hit because of years of battles between rebels and government forces and frequent airstrikes by Syrian and Russian jets.

In Syria’s northeast, the Kurdish-led administration backed by the United States that runs the territory has announced new lockdowns after a rise in coronavirus infections there.

Vaccination campaigns have proceeded slowly in all parts of Syria, with 2 percent of the population having received just one dose and only 1. 2 percent having received two doses, according to the World Health Organization .

Syria had received about 730, 000 vaccine doses through the United Nations-backed Covax program and other donations as of Sept. 19, the W. H. O. said.

Christopher Capozziello for The brand new York Times

This fall, there is a surreal swirl of newness and oldness in the hallways of John F. Kennedy High School: Black Lives Matter face masks and exhortations to pull them up — “Over your nose, please! ” — but in addition ribbing and laughter, bells ringing, hall passes being checked and loudspeaker reminders about the dress code (collared black or navy shirts, and khaki or black bottoms).

Kennedy was open for in-person learning nearly all of last school year. But families in this working-class, majority Hispanic and Black school district in Waterbury, Conn., opted out in large numbers, with two-thirds of high school students ending last year fully online.

This year, only students with severe health concerns can qualify for remote learning, and thus far no Kennedy families have been approved.

That means most juniors and seniors have returned to the building for the first time in 1 . 5 years. They are taller and more mature — sometimes physically unrecognizable, a counselor noted — but often reeling from what the pandemic has wrought: anxiety, economic precarity and academic struggle.

The institution is teeming with over 1, 300 students, significantly more than before the pandemic, because of the closing of a nearby Catholic school and an influx of families moving from New York City in search of affordable housing.

The Times interviewed students and teachers at Kennedy to obtain a sense of what it’s like to be back after such a tumultuous year.

Ishara S. Kodikara/Agence France-Presse — Getty Pictures

A popular shaman in Sri Lanka who claimed to be able to cure coronavirus patients with a holy water died a week ago after being infected with the virus, a health ministry official said this week-end.

The shaman, known as Eliyantha Lindsay White, was not vaccinated. He died on Wednesday after being taken to a hospital, the official said.

Mr. White was an influential and divisive figure in Sri Lanka, where about 53 percent of people have already been fully vaccinated against the coronavirus, according to the Our World in Data project at the University of Oxford. The shaman, who was simply 48, practiced alternative medicine involving questionable potions whose ingredients were never publicly disclosed.

Some high-ranking officials in the Sri Lankan government and several professional athletes have said publicly they believed in Mr. White’s healing powers. But that he was denounced by doctors.

“There is no credible evidence to show if there was a confident result from his work, ” said Dr . Samantha Ananda, a spokeswoman for the federal government Medical Officers’ Association, an important trade union for medical practioners in Sri Lanka. “We do not recommend anything that just isn’t proven in a scientific method. ”

Dr . Ananda said that the politicians who had publicly endorsed Mr. White might have done so to ingratiate themselves with his legion of fans.

Contact information for Mr. White’s family was not available, and a telephone message left with a person near to the family was not returned.

In November, three ministers in Sri Lanka’s government, including a former health minister, were shown on video throwing pots containing Mr. White’s holy water into several rivers that serve as the main sources of drinking water in the country. Mr. White had said that ingesting the concoction would cure Covid-19.

Pavithra Wanniarachchi, the former health minister, subsequently contracted the virus and spent two weeks in intensive care, according to the BBC. None of the three ministers in the video taken care of immediately phone calls seeking comment.

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